In today’s factories and shop floors, industrial automation is everywhere and it is difficult to imagine a production line without automation. Industrial automation uses control systems and equipment, such as computer software and robots, to perform tasks that were historically done manually. These systems operate industrial equipment automatically, significantly reducing the level of operator involvement and oversight required.
One machine/mechanism that is most visible in industrial automation is the Mechanical pick and Place mechanism. Pick and place automation speeds up the process of picking up parts or items and placing them in other locations.
Automating this process helps to increase production rates. Pick and place robots handle repetitive tasks while freeing up human workers to focus on more complex work. With a variety of design options available, pick and place machines can be configured with various end-of-arm tooling options for use in different applications, such as assembly, packaging or bin picking.
The Mechanical Pick & Place Machine, our project, aims to show the simple working of the mechanism. The Frame is mostly made of mild steel. The mechanism consists of rotating, reciprocating and oscillating motions.
The power source is a simple motor. The motor rotates the pulley with the help of a belt. There is a metal plate with two slots for reciprocating mechanism. One of the reciprocating mechanisms is driven by the pulley. This reciprocating causes the metal plate to oscillate. This oscillating motion is transferred to a spring-loaded part through the second reciprocating mechanism. The spring-loaded tool is attached to the pick and place part. The oscillation of the spring-loaded tool causes the spring to compress and decompress which in turn causes the pick and place part to move back and forth.
- DC Motor
- Connecting Rods
- Slide Rod
- Supporting Frame
- Nuts & Bolts
- Mounts and Joints
- Base Frame
- Screws and Connectors